HR departments are not the same in all companies since they must adapt to the needs and objectives of the company of which they are a part of. Despite this, there are a series of common functions and responsibilities in all of them. If you want to know them, keep reading!
In addition to discussing the HR job description, functions, and responsibilities, we will also discuss the required skills and accreditations for pursuing an HR career.
Although the objective of the HR department is the management of personnel within the company, it is responsible for carrying out numerous functions. The most significant are:
Personnel planning and selection: according to the requirements of the company, the personnel templates are prepared, foreseeing the possible medium and long-term needs; and the roles and responsibilities of workers are defined. Once this is finished, the one that is, perhaps, the most important function of this department, the selection, begins.
Candidates must be rigorously analyzed to determine if they fit with what the company is looking for at that time, studying their qualities, capabilities, and areas of potential growth.
Personnel administration: encompasses the entire administrative management part, such as the execution of contracts, payroll management, social insurance, management of permits and vacations, overtime, sick leave, movements in the workforce, among others.
Evaluation and development: include the creation of development programs and the responsibility to ensure the commitment and dedication of employees. Human Resources professionals support the development of the potential of workers to continue with the company.
Training: among the functions of Human Resources, it is also to study the training needs of the teams to develop knowledge and skills. The objective is for workers to develop their maximum potential and be able to adapt to a constantly changing environment.
Labor relations: it is about solving the labor problems that may arise between the company and the workers, using the representatives of the same as interlocutors. They also ensure that there are no inequalities and that there is a balance between all the employees of the same company.
To ensure the proper functioning of the company, in addition to the basic functions, Human Resources departments must face a series of responsibilities:
Encourage internal communication: the HR department cannot be perceived as a closed entity. Must interact at all times with both employees and with other departments, as well as address complaints, queries or requests. The type of communication depends on the direction style and can be descending, ascending or horizontal.
Create a code of conduct: it is necessary that there are a series of rules that govern the company’s code of ethics. All workers must know and comply with them to ensure a good work environment.
Work climate: another of the important aspects for the HR departments. To know the work climate of the company average surveys and, based on the results, to elaborate action plans. The objective is to improve the job satisfaction of workers.
The Required Skills To Pursue A Career In HR
- Versatility in all areas of human resources management: recruitment, training, social law, career management, payroll. It is indeed a generalist position.
- Economic and financial culture, in order to encourage dialogue with the operational staff and to be credible with them
- Knowledge of the businesses of the company and in particular of those that correspond to the managed population!
- Mastery of computer tools (especially word) and HR software
- Listening skills to take into account the expectations of the operational staff
- Strength of conviction to convey ideas and projects, as well as some negotiating skills
- A sense of the organization to carry out these projects and control their realization
- Ability to lead several projects face-to-face because the points of application of the HR profession are numerous
Taste For The Field And Pragmatism
- Diplomas required
- Training level Bac +5 (master) specialized in human resources management, law, labor law, sociology, psychology or social sciences
- Business School (ideally with option or specialization in human resources)
- IEP with a specialization in human resources
- HR License
The Required Accreditations For an HR Career
Should you be new to the Human resource, a certificate course may help you to test the waters and even enable you to determine if a career in the Human resource is for you. By trying a couple of courses, you will assess your very own interest level. Usually, universities will let you sign up for their certificate programs after which you can upgrade the credits into their full-time degree courses.
In addition to academic accreditations, you may also consider the professional ones, as they may have a great effect in your career. Skilled human resource certifications offer a widely acknowledged method to establish your HR expertise and training. The Human Resource Certification Institute (HRCI) grants many levels of professional recognition:
PHR (Pro in HR) — The PHR Certification examination consists of a test in the following sections: workforce planning and employment strategic development, total rewards, human resource development, relations as and management, employee and labor.
SPHR (Senior Professional in HR) —The SPHR Certification examination consists of a test in the following aspects: workforce planning and employment, strategic development, human resource development, total rewards, risk management, employee and labor relations.
GPHR (Global Pro in HR) —The GPHR Certification examination consists of a test in the following aspects: organizational effectiveness and employee development, strategic HR management, global staffing, international assignment management, international employee relations and regulations, global compensation and benefits.
Master all HR Functions, Cope with Changes, and Advance in your Career!
In small businesses, some human resources assistants and managers participate in performing all the functions of the department. So Regardless of the size of the department or company, a human resources officer must acquire the skills to carry out all HR functions, to be able to handle them, if necessary.
As human resources pro, it is important for you to be aware of contemporary human resources issues. Attending training and gaining experience will help you keep up with changing human resource trends.
Moreover, recognition of the order of approved Human Resources advisors can increase your potential earnings and prove your commitment to professional development. As your career progresses, you will find opportunities as a Human Resources Manager, Business Partner in Human Resources, or even as an executive.
Pursuing a career in HR may be exceptionally granting with respect to salary. Additionally, there will be many opportunities for career advancement and personal development.
To have the ability to land a great job after obtaining your degree, do not suffice with your university studies. Seek participating in internships during your summer vacations, as having suitable work experience is crucial. In addition to that, you may consider studying some other HR courses or specialized short-term diplomas; online courses will a very good idea.
In case you already have your degree, you should start the job searching process, which may be complicated. A good professional resume highlighting all your skills and experiences will make your job search journey much easier. If you still do not have one, you can refer to our resume writing tips, or consider hiring a professional resume writing service for a more brilliant product.
Finally, I would like to leave you with this simple video discussing HR main responsibilities: